|Attitude change and self-attribution of responsibility as functions of attributions of others - Stinnett, William Dewey|
Keywords: Cognitive dissonance; Responsibility; Attitude change
|The effect of purchase characteristics on postdecision product reevaluation (Volume BEBR No. 117) - Winter, Frederick W|
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 28-29)
Keywords: Attitude change; Choice (Psychology); Consumers; Cognitive dissonance
|Effects of active and passive roleplaying, language intensity, and cognitive complexity on attitude change - Long, Mercedes Lopez|
Keywords: Attitude change; Role playing; Language arts; Cognition
|Treating addictive behaviors - Miller, William R. (William Richard)|
Includes bibliographical references and index
Keywords: Compulsive behavior; Substance abuse; Attitude change; Motivation (Psychology); Behavior, Addictive; Substance-Related Disorders; Attitude change; Compulsive behavior; Motivation (Psychology); Substance abuse; Verslaving; Therapieën; Compulsieve gedragsstoornissen
|ERIC ED303751: Stability of Work Values: Individual Differences and Relationship with Decision Making. - ERIC|
Values in the workplace have long been a topic of interest for both researchers in organizational behavior and management practitioners alike. Values are believed to be deeply internalized standards for personal behavior because they are based on a person's experience. Relatively little attention has been paid to the processes relating to individual differences in value stability. Such individual differences should have implications for the relationship between values and decision-making...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Students; Decision Making; Employment; Higher Education; Individual Differences; Values; Work Attitudes
|ERIC ED340970: Attitudes towards Gays and Lesbians: A Longitudinal Study. - ERIC|
As part of a new student orientation at a rural northeastern state college, incoming students (N=150) were surveyed in fall 1989 regarding their knowledge and attitudes towards homosexuality. Students (N=140) were surveyed again in April 1991 after four semesters of educational intervention. The results indicated that new students were uncomfortable with and lacked knowledge about homosexuals, with less than half expressing comfort with particular situations involving most feeling statements...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Students; Higher Education; Homosexuality; Knowledge Level; Lesbianism; Longitudinal Studies; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED318466: A Model Program for Computerphobia Reduction. - ERIC|
A 3-year project was undertaken to develop, implement, and evaluate a program to reduce computerphobic reactions among postsecondary education students. The Model Computerphobia Reduction Program was designed to screen potential computerphobic students in their computer courses at the beginning of a semester and invite them to participate in brief skills-acquisition modules (treatment programs). After screening over 1,600 students, nearly 200 students, faculty, and staff of California State Univ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Anxiety; Attitude Change; Attitude Measures; Comparative Analysis; Desensitization; Higher Education; Microcomputers; Program Evaluation; Questionnaires
|ERIC ED341190: Disability Awareness and Changing Attitudes. Reference Bibliography No. 91-1. - ERIC|
This annotated bibliography focuses on public attitudes toward disability and changes in those attitudes. The bibliography of English-language materials lists and describes a total of 57 books, book chapters, and periodical articles of general interest, mostly published since 1984. It also lists 25 audiovisual materials produced since 1972. Printed materials are arranged alphabetically by author, while audiovisual materials are listed alphabetically by title...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Attitude Change; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Disabilities; Public Opinion
|ERIC ED304388: Changes in Values of Children and Fertility Intents from 1977-1986. - ERIC|
This paper examined the perceived values of children and fertility intents among college undergraduates. It described changes in the value of children by comparing data collected from students in 1986 to data obtained from a comparable group of students in 1977. The 1977 sample consisted of 341 students of whom 178 (52%) were male and 193 (48%) were females. The 1986 sample consisted of 332 students of whom 137 (41%) were male and 195 (59%) were females...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitude Measures; Beliefs; Birth Rate; Children; College Students; Longitudinal Studies; Values
|ERIC ED326800: AIDS Education: Does It Change Attitudes toward Gay Men? - ERIC|
Two studies were conducted to examine how attitudes toward homosexual men might affect reactions to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) education efforts, or how those attitudes might be changed by those efforts. The first study involved 69 male and 75 female subjects, randomly assigned to four conditions receiving different information about AIDS. Subjects initially completed the Attitudes Toward Gay Men scale and a scale developed to assess beliefs about the potential spread of AIDS thr...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Attitude Change; Beliefs; Change Strategies; Health Education; Homosexuality; Negative Attitudes
|ERIC ED351650: Gender Bias in Initial Perceptions and Subsequent Hiring Decisions. - ERIC|
Much of the research on sex bias looks at impressions at a single point in time. However, impressions are often changed as information is accumulated. This study attempted to look at the dynamic nature of impression formation. Impressions of both male and female job applicants were measured before and after subjects had an opportunity to view relevant information about the applicant, and the amount of information used by each subject was recorded...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Students; Higher Education; Job Applicants; Sex Bias; Sex Stereotypes; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED377011: Intercultural Competence through Experience Based Training. - ERIC|
In the next century there will be a critical need for diverse groups of people to have positive social relationships and share diminishing resources. The movement toward equality involves more than passing laws that mandate equality; it involves the restructuring of primitive beliefs within individuals and whole communities. Experience-based training integrates the existing knowledge base about human learning patterns and social interaction with the perspective of the individual to create a powe...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Beliefs; Cultural Pluralism; Experiential Learning; Individual Development; Intergroup Education; Social Attitudes
|ERIC ED318467: The Model Computerphobia Reduction Program: A Longitudinal Evaluation. - ERIC|
The Model Computerphobia Reduction Program involved assigning clients to individualized treatment programs on the basis of computer anxiety level. In order to evaluate the personalized treatment programs, pre- and post-treatment attitude scales (including the Attitudes Toward Computers Scale, the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale, and the Computer Thoughts Survey) and a post-treatment questionnaire were utilized...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Anxiety; Attitude Change; Attitude Measures; Desensitization; Higher Education; Longitudinal Studies; Microcomputers; Program Evaluation; Questionnaires
|ERIC ED216489: Improvements in Attitudes Toward Learning Disabilities During the International Year of Disabled Persons. - ERIC|
A survey of presidents of 21 local chapters of the California Association of Neurologically Handicapped Children--Association for Children with Learning Disabilities was conducted to investigate improvements in attitudes during the International Year of Disabled Persons (IYDP), the positive changes brought about by IYDP community activities, and actions which should be taken to build on the positive effects of community activities...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Community Attitudes; Community Programs; Learning Disabilities; Surveys
|ERIC ED214210: Attitudes toward Motion Pictures among College Students. - ERIC|
Several reasons for studying motion pictures and patrons' attitudes toward them include the following: (1) current data show that motion pictures account for 53% of the total United States spectator amusement expenditures; (2) the average weekly United States movie attendance has plummeted by more than half since 1930; (3) despite this decline, box office records continue to be broken by one or two films annually; and (4) there is little systematic collection and dissemination of movie audience ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Audiences; College Students; Films; Higher Education; Media Research; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED210736: Adult Life Transitions: An Assessment of Rhetorical Sensitivity Following Loss of Spouse. - ERIC|
One hundred fifteen members of the organization Parents Without Partners were surveyed for their communication attitudes in a study examining the relationship between rhetorical sensitivity and a dramatic, stress-producing situation--the loss of a spouse through death, legal separation, or divorce. The survey measured the ways the subjects matched three communicator types: (1) the rhetorically sensitive person, one who generally accepted the variability of communication and interpersonal relatio...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Attitude Change; Attitudes; Communication Research; Divorce; Grief; Interpersonal Competence; Psychological Patterns; Widowed
|ERIC ED258088: Changes in Perceived Locus of Control during Basic Training. - ERIC|
Basic Training (BT) is designed to prepare recruits for their new role as members of the military. The psychological effects of this experience can have important implications for recruits' later effectiveness in the military. Locus of control is one psychological construct which can be important for overall psychological and behavioral adaptation and which also might change as a result of BT experiences...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attribution Theory; Enlisted Personnel; Individual Power; Locus of Control; Military Training
|ERIC ED254990: Albuquerque Integration Model (AIM) Outreach Project. Final Performance Report, October 1, 1983-September 30, 1984. - ERIC|
This final report documents the accomplishments and activities of the Albuquerque Integration Model (AIM) Outreach Project, designed to stimulate the awareness of parents and health care and education professionals regarding serving young handicapped children in settings which include their nonhandicapped peers. Progress in 14 project objectives is recounted. Research objectives are considered, including a survey of attitudes toward the handicapped; an instrument for making classroom placement d...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Disabilities; Intervention; Mainstreaming; Preschool Education; Young Children
|ERIC ED253981: Regular Classroom Teachers' Attitudes toward Mainstreaming the Emotionally Disturbed: Can They Be Changed? - ERIC|
This study reviews the effects of training and service in a student advocacy program for Emotionally Disturbed (ED) children on attitudes of 16 secondary teachers toward ED children in the regular class. The intervention program involved 6 days of inservice training on working with ED students, delivered concurrent with the teachers' serving in an ED child advocacy role under the guidance of a supervising crisis teacher...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Emotional Disturbances; Inservice Teacher Education; Mainstreaming; Secondary Education; Teacher Attitudes
|ERIC ED309436: Recent Trends in Adversarial Attitudes among American Newspaper Journalists: A Cohort Analysis. - ERIC|
A study explored the question of whether there is an adversary press, by examining the recent trends in adversarial attitudes among newspaper journalists in the United States. Using a differentiation model for delineating the nature and boundaries of American adversarial journalism, the study re-analyzed the data from two national surveys. The first (by Weaver and Wilhoit) involved telephone interviews of 1,001 print and broad-cast journalists...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Cohort Analysis; Journalism; National Surveys; Newspapers; Political Attitudes; Press Opinion; Work Attitudes
|ERIC ED295085: Teaching Aging: A Series of Training Modules on Aging for Educators. - ERIC|
The Academic Training in Aging for Florida Educators (ATAFE) Project is a federally-funded education program for beginning teachers, designed to promote more positive attitudes toward aging and older persons among youth through the inclusion of aging education in the preparation of elementary and secondary school teachers. ATAFE provides beginning teachers with an overview of aging and helps them address the associated myths and stereotypes through a 12-hour aging education learning series...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Aging (Individuals); Attitude Change; Elementary Secondary Education; Lesson Plans; Teacher Education
|ERIC ED294688: Parenthood and the Attitudes of Young Adults. A RAND Note. - ERIC|
The relationship between parenthood and sex role attitudes and aspirations was examined with the use of data from a longitudinal study of a single high school graduating class. Findings indicated that parents were more traditional than nonparents, partly because parents were more traditional before having a child. It was also found that the transition to parenthood exerted effects that varied according to the color and marital status of the respondent...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Longitudinal Studies; Marriage; Parent Attitudes; Parents; Racial Differences; Sex Role; Young Adults
|ERIC ED292218: Is There A "Best" Way To Change Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities? A Review of Research. - ERIC|
Meta-analysis was used to conduct an integrative review of the research on modifying attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Prior reviews, using small samples and lacking systematic data collection and analysis, were unable to draw firm conclusions about the effectiveness of attitude modification techniques. In the hope of correcting these deficiencies, an exhaustive search of all English-language research reports in the United States and Canada was undertaken that identified 667 potentiall...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Disabilities; Effect Size; Meta Analysis; Research Methodology; Statistical Analysis
|ERIC ED282115: Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Female Body Esteem: A Multidimensional Approach. - ERIC|
Although research has shown that regularly engaging in vigorous activity has both physical and mental benefits, including a more positive evaluation of one's own body, the multidimensional nature of people's body attitudes has not been considered. The Body Esteem Scale (BES) was developed to identify and assess different body esteem dimensions. Three subscales for women measure sexual attractiveness, weight concerns, and physical condition...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Aerobics; Attitude Change; Body Image; Body Weight; Exercise; Females; Physical Fitness; Self Esteem
|ERIC ED287150: Changing Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Help. - ERIC|
Despite the increasing acceptance of the value of psychotherapy, there are still those who think people should solve their own problems. A study was conducted to investigate the attitudes of college students toward seeking professional help before and after taking a course in abnormal psychology to determine whether exposure to the purposes and methods of clinical psychology would produce more positive attitudes in students...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Curriculum; College Students; Helping Relationship; Higher Education; Psychotherapy; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED282161: Affect and Persuasion: Effects on Motivation for Information Processing. - ERIC|
The relationship between mood and information processing, particularly when reviewing the Elaboration Likelihood Model of persuasion, lacks conclusive evidence. This study was designed to investigate the hypothesis that information processing would be greater for mood-topic congruence than non mood-topic congruence. Undergraduate students (N=216) were induced with either a dysphoric, neutral, or elated mood condition and given either a strong or weak counterattitudinal appeal supporting senior c...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Behavior; Attitude Change; Cognitive Processes; College Students; Congruence (Psychology); Higher Education; Persuasive Discourse
|ERIC ED257228: Attitudes toward Handicapped People, Past and Present. Bibliography No. 85-1. - ERIC|
The annotated bibliography contains references on approximately 80 books and periodical articles, films, and bibliographies about attitudes towards persons with disabilities and about changing negative attitudes. It is explained that selections were made on the basis of interest to the general reader. Entries are grouped alphabetically by author for books, periodical articles, and bibliographies, and by title for films...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Attitude Change; Attitudes; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Disabilities; Films
|ERIC ED249007: Changing Roles for the Anthropologist: Current Work among Native Americans in North America. - ERIC|
The position of the anthropologist working in North America with Native Americans today differs from that of most anthropologists working with Native Americans a few decades ago, regardless of the topic of study. This affects the kind of anthropological research undertaken, the way in which the work is done, and the results. These consequences, in turn, raise new problems but also have new effects which may benefit anthropology, as well as the people among whom anthropologists are working...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; American Indians; Anthropology; Attitude Change; Federal Legislation; Job Analysis; Job Development; Role Perception
|ERIC ED274628: The Contribution of Leisure to Life Satisfaction during Adulthood. - ERIC|
A major premise in this inquiry was that leisure, as well as work, family, and self, is an accepted value in contemporary life and is periodically reassessed along with other traditionally held values by the individual. Another premise is that because leisure has such meaning in one's life it becomes a social influence from which one makes life choices in accordance with leisure-centered self-concepts...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Attitude Change; Leisure Time; Life Satisfaction; Recreational Activities; Self Concept; Values
|ERIC ED238227: Audiovisual Materials. - ERIC|
The fact sheet presents a suggested evaluation framework for use in previewing audiovisual materials, a list of selected resources, and an annotated list of films which were shown at the AHSSPPE '83 Media Fair as part of the national conference of the Association on Handicapped Student Service Programs in Postsecondary Education. Evaluation guidelines focus on four aspects: depiction of a cross section of disabled people, portrayal of the disabled people's characteristics, evidence of a positive...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Attitude Change; Audiovisual Aids; Disabilities; Evaluation Methods; Media Selection; Postsecondary Education
|ERIC ED236869: Factors Affecting Complex Litigation. - ERIC|
The paper addresses ways in which litigation serves a role in the reform of services for mentally disabled children and adults. Effects on deinstitutionalization are emphasized. Benefits of using litigation to secure the rights of mentally retarded persons include public awareness, quality assurance standards for institutions, and the development of new programing strategies. Drawbacks to litigation are also reviewed, including disproportionate allocation of resources into institutional programs...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Court Litigation; Institutionalized Persons; Legal Problems; Mental Retardation; Social Action
|ERIC ED236479: Attributions, Attention, and Person Memory: Processing Congruent and Incongruent Information. - ERIC|
Impressions of people are resistant to change. Information contradictory to an initial impression has relatively little impact on the impression and is particularly likely to be recalled. Possible resolutions on this paradox include: (1) the recalled information and the impression of the person are independent of each other; (2) people may link incongruent information to information they have that fits their initial impression, and the additional thought given to incongruent items reinforces the...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attribution Theory; Interpersonal Relationship; Recall (Psychology); Social Cognition; Time
|ERIC ED203373: Press Responsibility Based on Professionalism--A Typology of Attributes. - ERIC|
Arguing that professionalism constitutes a method according to which journalism is able to consolidate its position in society and gain the confidence of governments and the public, this paper discusses some theoretical parameters that can serve as a conceptual basis for journalistic professionalization. Noting that according to the sociology of occupations professionalism is not a singular concept, the paper posits a model of journalistic professionalization consisting of three dimensions: know...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Change Strategies; Classification; Journalism; Professional Development; Reputation; Responsibility; Standards
|ERIC ED250719: Teaching Expository Writing. Curriculum Publication No. 16. - ERIC|
Noting that effective writing requires organization, honesty, and personal experiences, this booklet offers suggestions for teaching students to write expository essays that are serious and truthful. The first section of the booklet suggests ways to teach students to organize their ideas, while the second section discusses both the value of teaching students to integrate personal experience with exposition and the appropriate use of personal narrative...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Expository Writing; Higher Education; Teaching Methods; Writing Improvement; Writing Instruction; Writing Processes
|ERIC ED266586: Elementary Students' Perceptions of the Moderately Mentally Retarded. - ERIC|
Attitudes and perceptions of elementary students about moderately mentally retarded children were measured in three elementary schools providing classroom programs for the moderately mentally retarded and three elementary schools not providing such programs. Additional variables investigated were size of school system/community (small, medium, and large) and grade level (first, third, and fifth). Following random assignments to experimental or control status, all experimental Ss were provided tw...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Elementary Education; Moderate Mental Retardation; Program Effectiveness; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED268016: Factors Associated with Changes in Youths' Attitudes Toward Economic Issues. - ERIC|
Results of a two-part study of the economic attitudes of junior high school students are presented. While the primary thrust of Phase I of the project was to develop reliable and valid multi-item scales, the Economics Values Inventory (EVI), additional purposes were to test tentative hypotheses about factors associated with attitude differences and change, and to gain a glimpse into the actual content of adolescent economic activities...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitude Measures; Economics Education; Educational Research; Junior High Schools; Student Attitudes; Values
|ERIC ED265449: Attitudes Toward Death Across the Life Span. - ERIC|
To understand the change and development of people's attitudes toward death over the life span, a 62-item attitude questionnaire on death and dying was administered to 90 adults. Participants included five females and five males in each of nine age categories: 18-20, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-64, and 65 or older. Participants were primarily Protestant, Caucasian, and of higher socioeconomic status...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Development; Adults; Age Differences; Aging (Individuals); Anxiety; Attitude Change; Attitudes; Death; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED263499: Health Belief Model-Based Changes in Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior. - ERIC|
A Health Belief Model (HBM) based educational intervention intended to increase adolescents' fertility control through abstinence or effective contraceptive usage was implemented and evaluated by pre-intervention interviews with 203 adolescents and post-intervention interviews with 146 adolescents. Participants' sexuality-related knowledge and attitudes were assessed 1 to 7 days before the program, on the day immediately after the program, and 3 to 6 months after completion of the program...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Attitude Change; Behavior Change; Contraception; Intervention; Pregnancy; Program Effectiveness; Sex Education; Sexuality
|ERIC ED262506: Being at Ease with Handicapped Children. 1984 Digest. - ERIC|
The digest focuses on being comfortable around handicapped children and offers suggestions for classroom teachers working with mainstreamed handicapped students. The importance of treating the child as normally as possible is emphasized. Questions of pity are dealt with. Teachers are urged to handle children's frustrations and accomplishments in normal ways; i.e., to provide realistic praise and reinforcement appropriate to the achievement...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Disabilities; Elementary Secondary Education; Mainstreaming; Normalization (Handicapped); Teacher Role
|ERIC ED370070: Predicting Participation in Smoking Cessation Programs. - ERIC|
Several factors have predicted participation in smoking cessation programs: (1) higher motivation or self-efficacy; (2) education; (3) smoking level; (4) smoking history; (5) quit attempts; and (6) health concerns. The variables that have predicted participation, however, generally have not predicted cessation. The transtheoretical model has described the stages and processes of change common to a variety of behavior changes...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Behavior Modification; Change Strategies; Consciousness Raising; Counseling Techniques; Group Counseling; Motivation; Predictor Variables; Self Efficacy; Smoking
|ERIC ED355684: Training of Persons Who Care for Persons with Mental Handicap: An Asian Experience. - ERIC|
This report documents the personal views and experiences gained while conducting training courses for caregivers of persons with mental handicap in many countries of Asia. The experiences are presented as an example of what can be done in a situation of limited material resources to improve the lives of people with mental handicap in developing countries. The training approach considers the cultural context of people of Asia, the terminology used for "mental handicap," and the need to have a car...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Attitudes toward Disabilities; Caregivers; Cultural Influences; Developing Nations; Foreign Countries; Mental Retardation; Teaching Methods; Training Methods
|ERIC ED303730: A Follow-Up Study of Changes in the Values of Children by College Alumni from 1977 to 1986. - ERIC|
Why do people have children? How do motivations for having children develop over the lifespan? This study compared the positive and negative values of having children for undergraduate college students (N=341) in 1977 and and the same subjects' (N=160) values 9 years later in 1986. Nine specific values of having children were assessed using the Value of Children Attitude Scales: (1) children for continuity, tradition, and security; (2) parenthood satisfactions and sense of achievement from child...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Alumni; Attitude Change; Children; College Students; Higher Education; Longitudinal Studies; Parent Attitudes; Parents; Student Attitudes; Values
|ERIC ED343182: No Pitiful Stories: Looking at the Relationship between Adult Literacy Programs and Empowerment. - ERIC|
When people seek to augment their reading and writing skills through participation in adult literacy programs, what do they expect to happen? An examination of brochures promoting adult literacy programs both nationally and in Philadelphia indicates that the programs promote adult literacy instruction as empowering learners and rescuing them from unemployment and a poor quality of life. In interviews with 13 adult learners, the learners expressed the belief that literacy would give them more con...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Education; Adult Literacy; Adult Programs; Attitude Change; Educational Research; Interviews; Literacy Education; Student Motivation
|ERIC ED329019: Harnessing the Power of Beliefs: The Challenge of Change. Insights on Educational Policy and Practice Number 10. - ERIC|
The challenge of changing belief systems to engender educational change is explored in this bulletin, which asserts that the current American educational system inadequately prepares students for productive participation in a rapidly changing information-oriented society. Change in the United States culture implies that alterations in education are also necessary. The change from "maintenance" to "evolutionary" kinds of learning, or a transition from fixed to proactive thinking skills, is advoca...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Beliefs; Change Strategies; Educational Change; Educational Innovation; Elementary Secondary Education; Organizational Objectives; School Restructuring
|ERIC ED311504: The Influence of Anti-Drug Messages on Attitude-Behavior Conflicts. - ERIC|
A study examined the effectiveness of various formats for anti-drug messages on high school students. Subjects were 342 high school students from Kentucky, divided into drug user and non-user groups. Four different messages were tested, varying medium (video and print) and style of presentation (expository and narrative). Depending on the subjects' drug use patterns and attitudes toward using drugs, the messages were either consistent or inconsistent with their attitudes and/or behavior...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Behavior Change; Communication Research; High School Students; High Schools; Illegal Drug Use; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED320053: Changing Sex Role Attitudes with Education: Can It Be Done? - ERIC|
The goal of this study was to examine the sex role attitudes of typical college students before and after a 15-week sex roles class. A questionnaire consisting of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), a modified form of the Attitudes Toward Women Scale, and 34 questions concerning sex-role attitudes and beliefs was administered to students in psychology of sex roles classes and to controls in non-sex role psychology classes...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Change Strategies; College Students; Females; Feminism; Higher Education; Sex Differences; Sex Role; Sex Stereotypes; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED315012: Changes in Teaching Assistant Concerns over Time. - ERIC|
The study examined the teaching concerns of university teaching assistants (TAs) and attempted to identify changes in the ways in which TAs think about teaching as they become more experienced. The study surveyed 145 first-time TA appointees at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and 79 more experienced TAs from a wide variety of the university's departments. After a few background questions, the survey then presented F.R...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Graduate Students; Higher Education; Self Evaluation (Individuals); Teacher Attitudes; Teacher Effectiveness; Teaching Assistants; Teaching Skills
|ERIC ED337938: Public Attitudes and Behaviors with Respect to Child Abuse Prevention 1987-1991. Working Paper Number 840. - ERIC|
This report summarizes key findings of a series of national public opinion polls to determine the public's attitudes and actions with respect to child abuse prevention. Findings are reported for four areas: public attitudes toward specific parental discipline practices; the frequency of specific parental discipline practices; the public's support for and involvement in child abuse prevention efforts; and the public's perception of the causes of maltreatment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Child Abuse; Child Rearing; Citizenship Responsibility; Corporal Punishment; Discipline; National Surveys; Prevention; Public Opinion
|ERIC ED324969: Linguistic Controversies, VBE Structures, and Midwest Attitudes. - ERIC|
The purpose of this study is: (1) to document the existence of a population speaking vernacular Black English (VBE) in Waterloo, Iowa, a middle-sized urban community in the Midwest; (2) to examine how Waterloo VBE contrasts with the surrounding majority language, Midland vernacular; (3) to investigate Iowans' language attitudes; and (4) to consider the educational implications of the findings in light of recent controversy over VBE...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Black Dialects; College Students; Contrastive Linguistics; Dialect Studies; Language Attitudes; Surveys; Urban Areas
|ERIC ED359474: Evidence for Changing Attitudes about Gender Roles: An Analysis of Data Acquired since 1968. - ERIC|
Attitudes toward family gender roles were examined using data collected in family courses since 1968. Data contributed by single men (N=803) and women (N=1,830) in response to a questionnaire were grouped into 2-year intervals. Factor analysis was used to produce gender role assessment scales, and gender differences were assessed using a t-test for separate groups. Gender differences in attitudes toward love also were examined...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Students; Higher Education; Sex Differences; Sex Role; Spouses; Student Attitudes; Trend Analysis